At Shorne we follow the Letters and Sounds Phonics Scheme. There are 6 phases to the teaching of phonics:
- Phases 1-4 are expected to be taught to children in Reception Class
- Phases 3 and 4 will be revised then phase 5 will be taught in Year 1
- Phases 5 will be revised then phase 6 will be taught in Year 2
Below is a glossary of terminology that your child will encounter as they work their way through the phases:
- Phoneme: the smallest single identifiable sound (there are 44 that we teach)
- Grapheme: the written representation of a phoneme
- Blending : recognising the letter sounds in a word and merging or blending the sounds together in the order to pronounce the word (e.g. c-u-p makes cup)
- Segmenting: to split up a word into individual phonemes to in order to spell it. (e.g. ship has three phonemes sh-i-p)
- Digraph: two letters together that make one sound.
- Trigraph: three letters together that make one sound.
- Split digraph: a vowel sound that is split between a consonant (a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e and u-e)
- Tricky word: a word that cannot be decoded. However, some tricky words (e.g. out) become decodable as we learn harder sounds.
We have held a number of workshops at school for parents about teaching phonics. The presentations used can be downloaded below.