Phonics

At Shorne we follow the Letters and Sounds Phonics Scheme. There are 6 phases to the teaching of phonics:

  • Phases 1-4 are expected to be taught to children in Reception Class
  • Phases 3 and 4 will be revised then phase 5 will be taught in Year 1
  • Phases 5 will be revised then phase 6 will be taught in Year 2

Below is a glossary of terminology that your child will encounter as they work their way through the phases:

  • Phoneme: the smallest single identifiable sound (there are 44 that we teach)
  • Grapheme: the written representation of a phoneme
  • Blending : recognising the letter sounds in a word and merging or blending the sounds together in the order to pronounce the word (e.g. c-u-p makes cup)
  • Segmenting: to split up a word into individual phonemes to in order to spell it. (e.g. ship has three phonemes sh-i-p)
  • Digraph: two letters together that make one sound.
  • Trigraph: three letters together that make one sound.
  • Split digraph: a vowel sound that is split between a consonant (a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e and u-e)
  • Tricky word: a word that cannot be decoded. However, some tricky words (e.g. out) become decodable as we learn harder sounds.

We have held a number of workshops at school for parents about teaching phonics. The presentations used can be downloaded below.

Phonics Screening Check

Download

Phonics Workshop Phase 2

Download

Phonics Workshop Phase 3

Download

Phonics Workshop Phase 4

Download

Phonics Workshop Phase 5

Download